Egyptian Arabic Vocabulary: The Human Body and Describing People

Egyptian Arabic Vocabulary

The Human Body and Describing People

EnglishPronunciationEgyptian ArabicAudio
bodygism (agsām)جِسْم (اجْسام)
headrās [f.] (rūs)راس (روس)
brain, mind (1)dimāɣدِماغ
brain, mind (2)muxx (amxāx)مُخّ (امْخاخ)
skullgumgúma (gamāgim)جُمْجُمه (جماجِم)
facewišš (wušūš)وِشّ (وُشوش)
He has a round face.wíššu m(i)dáwwar.وِشُّه مِدوّر.
She has a oblong face.wiššáha ʈawīl.وِشّها طَويل
I have a square face.wíšši m(i)rábba3.وِشّى مِربّع.
You have an oval face.wíššak bayɖāwi.وِشّك بَيْضاوى.
to wash one’s faceɣásal [1s2] wíššuغسل وِشُّه
foreheadʔūra (ʔíwar)قوره (قِوَر)
He has a big forehead.3ándu ʔūra kbīra.عنْدُه قوره كِبيره.
browgibīn (agbína)جبين (اجِبْنه)
to frown, knit one’s brow, scowlkáffar [2s2]كفّر
cheekxadd (xudūd)خدّ (خُدود)
chindaʔn [f.] (duʔūn)دقْن (دُقون)
jawfakk (fukūk)فكّ (فُكوك)
eye3ēn [f.] (3iyūn, 3inēn)عيْن (عِيون، عِنيْن)
My eyes itch.3ēni btakúlni.عيْنى بِتاكُلْنى.
blue eyes3iyūn zárʔaعِيون زرْقا
green eyes3iyūn xáɖraعِيون خضْرا
brown eyes3iyūn búnniعِيون بُنّى
She has beautiful brown eyes.3inēha ɧílwa wi lúnhum búnni.عِنيْها حِلْوَه و لونْهُم بُنّى.
What color are his eyes?lōn 3inē ʔē?لوْن عِنيْه ايْه؟
His eyes are green.3inē xáɖra.عِنيْه خضْرا.
eyebrowɧāgib (ɧawāgib)حاجِب (حَواجِب)
eyelidgifn (gufūn)جِفْن (جُفون)
eyelashrimš (rumūš)رِمْش (رُموش)
She has long eyelashes.rumúšha ʈawīla.رُموشْها طَويله.
to have thick eyelashesrumūšu kasīfaرُموشُه كثيفه
sclera, the white of one’s eyesbayāɖ 3ēnبَياض عيْن
irisnínni 3ēnنِنّى عيْن
pupilɧádaqaحدقه
to blinkrámašرمش
to winkɣámazغمز
to close one’s eyesɣámmaɖ [2s2] 3ēnuغمّض عيْنُه
to open one’s eyesfátaɧ [1s1] 3inēفتح عِنيْه
to have dark circles under one’s eyes3inē taɧtáha íswidعِنيْه تحْتها اِسْوِد
cross-eyedáɧwal [m.], ɧōla [f.] (ɧūl)احْوَل، حوْلا (حول)
blind3áma [m.], 3ámya [f.] (3umy)عمَى، عمْيا (عُمْى)
to seešāf [1h1]شاف
I can’t see the clock from here.miš šāyif issā3a min hína.مِش شايِف السّاعه مِن هِنا.
eyesight, visionnáʐarنظر
I have perfect eyesight.názari ʔáwi.نظرى قَوى.
to wear glasseslíbis [1s5] naɖɖāraلِبِس نضّاره
I think you need glasses.ána šāyif ínnak miɧtāg naɖɖāra.انا شايِف اِنّك مِحْتاج نضّاره.
to cry3áyyaʈ [2s2]عيّط
a teardám3a (dimū3)دمْعه (دِموع)
Why are your eyes red? Have you been crying?3ēnak ɧámra lē? kuntə bit3áyyaʈ?عيْنك حمْرا ليْه؟ كُنْت بِتْعيّط؟
nosemanaxīr [pl.]مناخير
nostrilfátɧit manaxīrفتْحِة مناخير
big/pronounced nosemanaxīr kibīraمناخير كِبيره
petite nosemanaxīr ȿuɣayyáraمناخير صُغيّره
straight/sharp/pointy nosemanaxīr mudabbábaمناخير مدبّبه
hook/crooked nosemanaxīr ma3ʔūfaمناخير معْقوفه
to sneeze3áʈas [1s1]عطس
snotbarbūr (barabīr)بربْور (برابير)
to have a runny nosebárbar [11s2]برْبر
to blow one’s nosenaff [1g3]نفّ
to pick one’s noselí3ib [1s4] fi manaxīruلِعِب فى مناخيرُه
to smellšamm [1g2]شمّ
sense of smellɧássit šammحاسِّة شمّ
I don’t have a very good sense of smell. (1)ɧássit šámmi miš awíyya.حاسِّة شمّى مِش قَويه.
I don’t have a very good sense of smell. (2)miš bá3raf ašímmə kwáyyis.مِش بعْرف اشِمّ كُوَيِّس.
I think I smell smoke.ána ɧāsis ínni šāmim rīɧit duxxān.انا حاسِس اِنّى شامِم ريحِة دُخّان.
earwidn [f.] (widān)وِدْن (وِدان)
earlobešáɧmit widnشحْمِة وِدْن
to cup one’s ear (put one’s hand up to one’s ear to hear better)ɧaʈʈ [1g2] īdu wára wídnuحطّ ايدُه وَرا وِدْنُه
to hearsími3 [1s4]سِمِع
Do you hear that noise?sāmi3 iddáwša di?سامِع الدَّوْشه دى؟
to have ringing in one’s earwídnu bitȿáffarوِدْنُه بِتْصفّر
to be hard of hearingsám3u taʔīlسمْعُه تقيل
deafáʈraš [m.], ʈárša [f.] (ʈurš)اطْرش، طرْشا (طُرْش)
to wear a hearing aidlíbis [1s5] sammā3aلِبِس سمّاعه
to have pierced earswídnu maxrūmaوِدْنُه مخْرومه
ear waxšam3ə widnشمْع وِدْن
mouthbuʔʔ (biʔāʔ)بُقّ (بِقاق)
to smileibtásam [8s1]اِبْتسم
to open one’s mouthfátaɧ [1s1] búʔʔuفتح بُقُّه
to close one’s mouthʔáfal [1s2] búʔʔuقفل بُقُّه
tonguelisān (alsína)لِسان (الْسِنه)
to tastedāʔ [1h1]داق
Can you taste the mint in this dessert?ɧāsis bi-ʈá3mə ni3nā3 fi -lɧalawiyyāt di?حاسِس بِطعْم نِعْناع فى الحلَويات دى؟
lipšíffa (šafāyif)شِفّه (شفايِف)
upper lipaššíffa -lli fōʔالشِّفّه اللى فوْق
lower lipaššíffa -lli taɧtالشِّفّه اللى تحْت
to have thin lips3ándu šafāyif ȿuɣayyáraعنْدُه شفايِف صُغيّره
full lipsšafāyif milyānaشفايِف مِلْيانه
chapped (dry) lipsšafāyif nášfaشفايِف ناشْفه
toothsinn, sínna (sinān)سِنّ، سِنّه (سِنان)
gumslísaلِثه
to brush one’s teethɣásal [1s2] sinānuغسل سِنانُه
to floss one’s teethnáɖɖaf [2s2] sinānu bi-lxēʈنضّف سِنانُه بِالخيْط
front teethsinān ʔuddamaníyya [pl.]سِنان قُدّمانيه
to bite3aɖɖ [1g2]عضّ
molarɖirs (ɖurūs)ضِرْس (ضُروس)
to chewnáɖaɣ [1s3]نضغ
to spittaff [1g3]تفّ
spit, spittletifāfaتِفافه
saliva (1)rīʔريق
saliva (2)lu3ābلُعاب
to yawnittāwib [6s]اِتّاوِب
to coughkaɧɧ [1g2]كحّ
to burp, belchitkárra3 [5s2]اِتْكرّع
to have bad breathrīɧit búʔʔu wíɧšaريحِة بُقُّه وِحْشه
tonsilslōza (líwaz)لوْزه (لِوز)
neckráʔaba (riʔāb)رقبه (رِقاب)
nape of the neckʔáfa (ʔafawāt)قفا (قفَوات)
throatzūr (zuwār)زور (زُوار)
larynxɧangára (ɧanāgir)حنْجره (حناجِر)
to breatheitnáffis [5s1]اِتْنفِّس
to take a deep breathitnáffis [5s1] bi-3úmqاِتْنفِّس بِعُمْق
breathnáfas (anfās)نفس (انْفاس)
to swallowbála3 [1s1]بلع
to choke onšíriʔ [1s4] fiشِرِق فى
He started choking on a piece of food.šíriʔ fi ɧíttit akl.شِرِق فى حِتِّة اكْل.
hairša3r [coll.]شعْر
dark brown hairša3rə búnni ɣāmiʔشعْر بُنّى غامِق
light brown hairša3rə búnni fātiɧشعْر بُنّى فاتِح
blond hairša3r áȿfarشعْر اصْفر
She’s blond.ša3ráha áȿfar.شعْرها اصْفر.
black hairša3r íswidشعْر اِسْوِد
red hairša3r áɧmarشعْر احْمر
gray hairša3rə ruȿāȿiشعْر رُصاصى
white hairša3r ábyaɖشعْر ابْيَض
to dye one’s hairȿábaɣ [1s3] šá3ruصبغ شعْرُه
She dyes her hair blond.bitúȿbuɣ ša3ráha áȿfar.بِتُصْبُغ شعْرها اصْفر.
She’s a natural blond.ša3ráha áȿfar ʈabī3i.شعْرها اصْفر طبيعى.
long hairša3rə ʈawīlشعْر طَويل
short hairša3rə ʔuȿáyyarشعْر قُصيّر
shoulder-length hairša3rə l-ɧadd ilkítfشعْر لِحدّ الكِتْف
straight hairša3rə nā3imشعْر ناعِم
curly hairša3rə kírliشعْر كيرْلى
wavy hairša3rə mumáwwagشعْر مُموّج
She has long beautiful straight brown hair.ša3ráha ʈawīl wi ɧilwə w nā3im wi búnni.شعْرها طَويل و حِلْو و ناعِم و بُنّى.
to comb/brush one’s hairmáššaʈ [2s2] šá3ruمشّط شعْرُه
to get a haircutʔaȿȿə [1g2] šá3ruقصّ شعْرُه
baldáȿla3 [m.], ȿál3a [f.] (ȿul3)اصْلع، صلْعه (صُلْع)
to go bald (1)iȿlá33 [9s]اصْلع
to go bald (2)báʔa [1d1] áȿla3بقَى اصْلع
sideburnssawālif [pl.]سَوالِف
pony-taildēl ɧusānديْل حُصان
braidsɖafāyir [pl.]ضفايِر
She wears her hair in braids.bití3mil ša3ráha ɖafāyir.بِتِعْمِل شعْرها ضفايِر.
bunkáɧkaكحْكه
She usually wears her hair in a bun.híyya dáyman bitlímmə ša3ráha káɧka.هِىَّ دايْماً بِتْلِمّ شعْرها كحْكه.
bangs (UK: fringe)ʔúȿȿa (ʔúȿaȿ)قُصّه (قُصص)
You look good with bangs.šáklak ɧilw bi-lʔúȿȿa.شكْلك حِلْو بِالقُصّه.
wig, toupeebarūkaباروكه
You can tell he wears a toupee.šáklu lābis barūka.شكْلُه لابِس باروكه.
bearddaʔn [f.] (duʔūn)دقْن (دُقون)
mustachešánabشنب
He has a beard and mustache.3ándu šánab wi daʔnعنْدُه شنب و دقْن.
goateesaksūkaسكْسوكه
to trim one’s beardházzib [2s1] dáʔnuهذِّب دقْنُه
to shaveɧálaʔ [1s1]حلق
I shave every morning.báɧlaʔ kullə yōm iȿȿúbɧ.بحْلق كُلّ يوْم الصُّبْح.
clean-shavenɧalīʔ iddáʔnحليق الدّقْن
stubbledaʔnə xafīfaدقْن خفيفه
skin (1)gildجِلْد
skin (2)bášraبشْره
pimple, blemish (UK: spot)fasfūsa (fasafīs)فسْفوسه (فسافيس)
I have a huge pimple on my chin!3ándi fasfūsa kbīra fi dáʔni.عنْدى فسْفوسه كِبيره فى دقْنى.
acneɧabb iššabābحبّ الشّباب
As a teenager, he had a lot of acne.kān 3ándu ɧabb iššabāb wi húwwa šabb.كان عنْدُه حبّ الشّباب و هُوَّ شاب.
to have bad skinwíššu m(i)ɧábbibوِشُّه مِحبِّب
to have a good complexionbašrítu ȿáfyaبشْرِتُه صافْيَه
fair-skinnedábyaɖ [m.], bēɖa [f.] (bēɖ)ابْيَض، بيْضا (بيْض)
dark-skinnedʔásmar [m.], sámra [f.] (sumr)اسْمر، سمْرا (سُمْر)
to have an olive complexionbašrítu ʔámɧiبشْرِتُه قمْحى
to have dry skinbašrítu gáffaبشْرِتُه جافّه
to put on lotionɧaʈʈə [1g2] [lotion]حطّ لوْشِن
to put on sunscreen (1)ɧaʈʈə [1g2] wāqi šamsحطّ واقى شمْس
to put on sunscreen (2)ɧaʈʈə [1g2] [sun block]حطّ صن بْلوك
frecklesnámaš [coll.]نمش
She has a lot of freckles.3andáha námaš kitīr.عنْدها نمش كِتير.
mole, birthmarkwáɧmaوَحْمه
wrinklestaga3īd [pl.]تجاعيد
You get wrinkles as you get older.kullə ma tíkbar bitgīlak taga3īd.كُلّما تِكْبر بِتْجيلك تجاعيد.
scarnádbaندْبه
tattoo (1)tatūتاتو
tattoo (2)wašm [coll.]وَشْم
He has a tattoo on his left arm.húwwa 3ándu tatū 3ála drā3u -ššimāl.هُوَّ عنْدُه تاتو علَى دِراعُه الشِّمال.
Do you have any tattoos?ínta rāsim wašm?اِنْتَ راسِم وَشْم؟
armdirā3دِراع
elbowkū3 (ki3ān)كوع (كِعان)
armpit (1)bāʈباط
armpit (2)taɧt ilbāʈتحْت الباط
sweat3áraʔعرق
to sweat3íriʔ [1s4]عِرِق
sweaty3arʔānعرْقان
He was very sweaty after playing soccer.húwwa kān 3arʔān áwi ba3də li3b kōra.هُوَّ كان عرْقان اَوى بعْد لِعِب كوْره.
hand, wristīd [f.] (idēn, ayādi)ايد (ايديْن، اِيادى)
What’s in your hand?fī ʔē f- īdak?فيه ايْه فى ايدك؟
They’re all wearing watches on their wrists.kullúhum labsīn sa3āt fi idēhum.كُلُّهُم لابْسين ساعات فى ايديْهُم.
fingerȿubā3 (ȿawābi3)صُباع (صَوابِع)
finger printbáȿmit ȿubā3بصْمِة صُباع
thumbȿubā3 kibīrصُباع كِبير
index fingerȿubā3 tāniصُباع تانى
middle finger (1)ȿubā3 wisʈāniالصُّباع وِسْطانى
middle finger (2)sabbābaسبّابه
ring fingerȿubā3 xātimصُباع خاتِم
little finger, pinkyȿubā3 ȿuɣáyyarصُباع صُغيّر
finger tipʈáraf ȿubā3طرف صُباع
finger nailɖufr (ɖawāfir)ضُفْر (ضَوافِر)
palmkaff (kufūf)كفّ (كُفوف)
back of the handɖahr īd (ɖuhūr idēn)ضهْر ايد (ضُهور ايديْن)
ball of the handbāʈin īd (bawāʈin idēn)باطِن ايد (بَواطِن ايديْن)
knucklesmáfȿal ȿubā3 (mafāȿil ȿawābi3)مفْصل صُباع (مفاصِل صَوابِع)
wristmáfȿal īd (mafāȿil idēn)مفْصل ايد (مفاصِل ايديْن)
to make a fistkáwwar [2s2] īduكوّر ايدُه
to extend one’s fingersmaddə [1g3] ȿawáb3uمدّ صَوابْعُه
to hold, gripmísik [1s5]مِسِك
to point tošāwir [3s] 3álaشاوِر علَى
He pointed at the clock.šāwir 3ála -ssā3a.شاوِر علَى السّاعه.
leg, footrigl [f.] (riglēn)رِجْل (رِجْليْن)
thighfaxd (fixād)فخْد (فِخاد)
shinʔáȿabit riglقصبِة رِجْل
calfsammānaسمّانه
kneerúkba (rúkab)رُكْبه (رُكب)
anklemáfȿal rigl (mafāȿil riglēn)مفْصل رِجْل (مفاصِل رِجْليْن)
solebāʈin rigl (bawāʈin riglēn)باطِن رِجْل (بَواطِن رِجْليْن)
heelka3b (ku3ūb)كعْب (كُعوب)
toeȿubā3 rigl (ȿawābi3 riglēn)صُباع رِجْل (صَوابِع رِجْليْن)
shoulderkitf (kitāf)كِتْف (كِتاف)
to have broad shoulderskitāfu 3arīɖaكِتافُه عريضه
chest, bosomȿadr (ȿudūr)صدْر (صُدور)
nippleɧálamaحلمه
abdomen, belly, stomachbaʈn [f.] (buʈūn)بطْن (بُطون)
backɖahr (ɖuhūr)ضهْر (ضُهور)
waist, hipswisʈوِسْط
navel, belly buttonsúrra (súrar)سُرّه (سُرر)
internal organsaɧšāʔ [pl.]احْشاء
stomachmí3da (mí3ad)مِعْده (مِعد)
intestines, bowelsmaȿarīn [pl.]مصارين
lungríʔa (riʔtēn)رِئه (رِئْتيْن)
heartʔalb (ʔulūb)قلْب (قُلوب)
to beat, palpitate (1)daʔʔ [1g2]دقّ
to beat, palpitate (2)nábaɖ [1s3]نبض
heart beat, pulse (1)dáʔʔit ʔalbدقِّة قلْب
heart beat, pulse (2)nábɖit ʔalbنبْضِة قلْب
liverkibd (akbād)كِبْد (اكْباد)
kidneykílyaكِلْيَه
bladdermasānaمثانه
gall-bladdermarāraمراره
glandɣúdda (ɣúdad)غُدّه (غُدد)
thyroid glandɣúdda daraqíyyaغُدّه درقيه
bone3aɖm [3aɖm]عضْم (عضْم)
skeletonháykal 3áʐmi (hayākil 3azmíyya)هَيْكل عظْمى (هَياكِل عظْميه)
spine3amūd fáʔri (3awamīd faʔríyya)عمود فقْرى (عَواميد فقْريه)
ribɖil3 (ɖulū3)ضِلْع (ضُلوع)
muscle3áɖalaعضله
veinwarīd (awrída)وَريد (اَوْرِده)
arteryširyān (šarayīn)شِرْيان (شرايين)
blooddammدمّ
nerve3áȿab (a3ȿāb)عصب (اعْصاب)
sexual organs, private partsa3ɖāʔ tanasulíyyaاعْضاء تناسُليه
to pass gas, break windʈálla3 [2s2] rīɧطلّع ريح
to go to the bathroom (UK: to go to the loo) (1)rāɧ [1h1] ilɧammāmراح الحمّام
to go to the bathroom (UK: to go to the loo) (2)rāɧ [1h1] ittuwalíttراح التُّواليتّ
I need to go to the bathroom.3āyiz arūɧ ilɧammām.عايِز اروح الحمّام.
heightʈūl (aʈwāl)طول (اطْوال)
tallʈawīl (ʈuwāl)طَويل (طُوال)
average heightmutawássiʈ iʈʈūlمُتَوَسِّط الطّول
shortʔuȿáyyar (ʔuȿār)قُصيّر (قُصار)
How tall are you?ʈūlak ʔaddə ʔē?طولك ادّ ايْه؟
I’m 1.75 meters tall.ʈūli míyya xámsa wi sab3īn sánti. (lit. My height is 175 centimeters.)طولى ميّه خمْسه و سبْعين سنْتى.
weightwazn (awzān)وَزْن (اَوْزان)
How much do you weigh?wáznak kam kīlu?وَزْنك كام كيلو؟
I weigh 70 kg.wázni sab3īn kīlu.وَزْنى سبْعين كيلو.
one’s build, body shapešaklə gismشكْل جِسْم
fattixīn (tuxān)تِخين (تُخان)
to get fattíxin [1s4]تِخِن
Don’t overeat so you don’t get fat.ma-takúlšə b-ziyāda 3ašān ma-titxánš.متاكُلْش بِزِياده عشان متِتْخنْش.
overweightwáznu zāyidوَزْنُه زايِد
chubbymikálbaʐمِكلْْبظ
plump, stoutmalyānملْيان
average weight (1)wáznu k(u)wáyyisوَزْنُه كُوَيِّس
average weight (2)gísmu k(u)wáyyisجِسْمُه كُوَيِّس
thinrufáyya3رُفيّع
skinnygildə 3ála 3aɖm (lit. skin on bones)جِلْد علَى عضْم
one’s looksšákluشكْلُه
handsome; beautifulgamīl (gumāl)جميل (جُمال)
good-looking, handsome, pretty (1)ɧilwحِلْو
good-looking, handsome, pretty (2)wasīmوَسيم
cute[cute] [invar.]كْيوت
My God, those girls are so cute!wałłāhi, ilbanāt dōl kyūt xāliȿ!واللّهى البنات دوْل كْيوت خالِص!
uglywíɧišوِحِش
average-lookingšáklu 3ādiشكْلُه عادى

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