Egyptian Arabic Vocabulary: Prepositions

Egyptian Arabic Vocabulary

Prepositions

EnglishPronunciationEgyptian ArabicAudio
at, in, onfi; f-فى، فْ
in, inside; intogúwwaجُوّه
in the boxgúwwa -ȿȿandūʔجُوّه الصّنْدوق
outside of; out ofbárraبرّه
on; onto3álaعلَى
on the table3ála -ʈʈarabēzaعلَى الطّرابيْزه
He fell onto the hood of the car.húwwa wíʔi3 3ála kabbūt il3arabíyya.هُوَّ وِقِع علَى كبّوت العربيه.
toli-لِـ
frommin; mi-مِن، مِ
from my house to schoolmin bēti li-lmadrásaمِن بيْتى لِلمدْرسه
above, over (1)fōʔفوْق
above, over (2)min fōʔمِن فوْق
The painting is hanging over the sofa.illōɧa mit3állaʔa fōʔ ilkánaba.اللّوْحه مِتْعلّقه فوْق الكنبه.
The airplane flew over the mountains.iʈʈayyāra ʈārit fōʔ ilgibāl.الطّيّاره طارِت فوْق الجِبال.
He jumped over the fence.húwwa naʈʈə min fōʔ issūr.هُوَّ نطّ مِن فوْق السّور.
under, beneathtaɧtتحْت
under the tabletaɧt iʈʈarabēzaتحْت الطّرابيْزه
betweenbēnبيْن
The post office is between the bank and the supermarket.máktab ilbarīd bēn ilbánk w is[supermarket].مكْتب البريد بيْن البنْك و السّوپِر مارْكِت.
near, close toʔuráyyib minقُريِّب مِن
The Sphinx is near the Pyramids.abū -lhōl ʔuráyyib min ilʔahramāt.ابو الهوْل قُريِّب مِن الاهْرامات.
far frombi3īd (bu3ād) 3anبِعيد (بُعاد) عن
Aswan is far from Alexandria.aswān bi3īda 3an iskindiríyya.اسْوان بِعيده عن اِسْكِنْدِريه.
next to; alonggambجنْب
There’s a coffee shop next to my office.fī ʔáhwa gambə maktábi.فيه قهْوَه جنْب مكْتبى.
We walked along the river.mišēna gamb innáhr.مِشيْنا جنْب النّهْر.
in front of; across from, oppositeʔuddāmقُدّام
I sat down in front of the TV.ána ʔa3ádtə ʔuddām ittilivizyōn.انا قعدْت قُدّام التِّليڤِزْيوْن.
He sat across from the interviewer.húwwa ʔá3ad ʔuddām iššáxȿ ílli byi3mílu muʔábla.هُوَّ قعد قُدّام الشّخْص اللى بِيِعْمِلُه مُقابْله.
behindwáraوَرا
I parked behind the house.ána rakánt il3arabíyya wára -lbēt.انا ركنْت العربيه وَرا البيْت.
around, surroundingɧawalēnحَواليْن
There’s a fence surrounding the house.fī sūr ɧawalēn ilbēt.فيه سور حَواليْن البيْت.
throughmin gúwwaمِن جُوّه
The train went through the tunnel.ilʔáʈrə 3ádda min gúwwa -náfaʔ.القطْر عدَّى مِن جُوّه النّفق.
He swam across the river.3ádda -nnahrə 3ōm. (lit. He crossed the river swimming.)عدَّى النّهْر عوْم.
Don’t go down the ladder.ma-tinzílš issíllim da.متِنْزِلْش السِّلِّم ده.
The cat climbed up the tree.ilʔúʈʈa ʈíl3it iššágara. (lit. The cat ascended the tree.)القُطّه طِلْعِت الشّجره.
down from; offmin 3álaمِن علَى
The cat climbed down the tree.ilʔúʈʈa nízlit min 3ála -ššágara.القُطّه نِزِلْت مِن علَى الشّجره.
The book fell off the table.ilkitāb wíʔi3 min 3ála -ʈʈarabēza.الكِتاب وِقِع مِن علَى الطّرابيْزه.
past (1)min ʔuddāmمِن قُدّام
past (2)min gambمِن جنْب
I walked past the restaurant.ána mšīt min ʔuddām ilmáʈ3am.انا مِشيت مِن قُدّام المطْعم.
He leaned against the car.húwwa sánad 3ála -l3arabíyya.هُوَّ سند علَى العربيه.
The table is against the wall.iʈʈarabēza ʔuddām ilɧēʈa.الطّرابيْزه قُدّام الحيْطه.
towardnáɧyitناحْيِة
He ran toward the door.húwwa gíri náɧyit ilbāb.هُوَّ جِرى ناحْيِة الباب.
The train is heading toward Cairo.ilʔáʈr rāyiɧ náɧyit ilqāhíra.القطْر رايِح ناحْيِة القاهِره.
withmá3aمعَ
I had dinner with my friends.it3aššēt má3a -ȿɧābi.اِتْعشّيْت معَ اصْحابى.
by, withbi-بِـ
I came to work by bus.ána gīt iššúɣlə bi-lbāȿ.انا جيت الشُّغْل بِالباص.
She wrote the letter by hand.híyya kátabit ilgawāb bi-ídha.هِىَّ كتبْت الجَواب بِايدْها.
She wrote the letter with a pencil.híyya kátabit ilgawāb bi-ʔálam ruȿāȿ.هِىَّ كتبِت الجَواب بِقلم رُصاص.
withoutmin ɣērمِن غيْر
I can’t live without you.ma-ʔdárš a3īš min ɣērak.مقْدرْش اعيش مِن غيْرك.

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