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The Human Body and Describing People in Modern Standard Arabic

The Human Body and Describing People in Modern Standard Arabic

bodyjismun (ʔajsāmun)جِسْمٌ (أَجْسامٌ)
headraʔsun [m. or f.] (ruʔūsun)رَأْسٌ (رُؤوسٌ)
brain, mind3aqlun (3uqūlun)عَقْلٌ (عُقولٌ)
skulljumjumatun (jamājimu)جُمْجُمَةٌ (جَماجِمُ)
facewajhun (wujūhun)وَجْهٌ (وُجوهٌ)
He has a round face.ladayhi wajhun mustadīrun.لَدَيْهِ وَجْهٌ مُسْتَديرٌ.
She has an oblong face.ladayhā wajhun mustaʈīlun.لَدَيْها وَجْهٌ مُسْتَطيلٌ.
I have a square face.ladayya wajhun murabba3un.لَدَيَّ وَجْهٌ مُرَبَّعٌ.
You have an oval face.ladayka wajhun bayɖāwiyyun.لَدَيْكَ وَجْهٌ بَيْضاوِيٌّ.
to wash one’s faceɣasala [1s2] wajhahuغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ
foreheadjabhatun (jibāhun)جَبْهَةٌ (جِباهٌ)
He has a big forehead.ladayhi jabhatun kabīratun.لَدَيْهِ جَبْهَةٌ كَبيرَةٌ.
brow; eyebrowɧājibun (ɧawājibu)حاجِبٌ (حَواجِبُ)
to frown, knit one’s brow, scowl3abasa [1s2]عَبَسَ
to frown, knit one’s brow, scowlqaʈʈaba [2s] ɧājibayhiقَطَّبَ حاجِبَيْهِ
cheekxaddun (xudūdun)خَدٌّ (خُدودٌ)
chinđaqnun (đuqūnun)ذَقْنٌ (ذُقونٌ)
jawfakkun (fukūkun)فَكٌّ (فُكوكٌ)
eye3aynun [f.] (3uyūnun)عَيْنٌ (عُيونٌ)
My eyes itch.3aynāya taɧukkānī.عَيْنايَ تَحُكّاني.
blue eyes3aynāni zarqāwatāniعَيْنانِ زَرْقاوَتانِ
green eyes3aynāni xaɖrāwatāniعَيْنانِ خَضْراوَتانِ
brown eyes3aynāni bunniyatāniعَيْنانِ بُنِّيَتانِ
She has beautiful brown eyes.ladayhā 3aynāni bunniyatāni jamīlatāni.لَدَيْها عَيْنانِ بُنِّيَتانِ جَميلَتانِ.
What color are his eyes?mā huwa lawnu 3aynayhi?ما هُوَ لَوْنُ عَيْنَيْهِ؟
His eyes are green.3aynāhu xaɖrāwatāni.عَيْناهُ خَضْراوَتانِ.
eyelidjifnun (jufūnun)جِفْنٌ (جُفونٌ)
eyelashrimšun (rumūšun)رِمْشٌ (رُموشٌ)
She has long eyelashes.ladayhā rumūšun ʈawīlatun.لَدَيْها رُموشٌ طَويلَةٌ.
to have thick eyelashesladayhi rumūšun kaŧīfatunلَدَيْهِ رُموشٌ كَثيفَةٌ
sclera, the white of one’s eyesaʂʂulbatuالصُّلْبَةُ
sclera, the white of one’s eyesbayāɖu -l3ayniبَياضُ العَيْنِ
irisqazaɧiyyatunقَزَحِيَّةٌ
pupilbuʔbuʔunبُؤْبُؤٌ
to blinkramaša [1s2]رَمَشَ
to winkɣamaza [1s2]غَمَزَ
to close one’s eyesʔaɣlaqa [4s] 3aynayhiأَغْلَقَ عَيْنَيْهِ
to open one’s eyesfataɧa [1s1] 3aynayhiفَتَحَ عَيْنَيْهِ
to have dark circles under one’s eyesladayhi hālātun sawdāʔu taɧta 3aynayhiلَدَيْهِ هالاتٌ سَوْداءُ تَحْتَ عَيْنَيْهِ
cross-eyedʔaɧwalu, ɧawlāʔ‎u (ɧūlun)أَحْوَلُ، حَوْلاء‎ُ (حولٌ)
blindʔa3mā, 3amyāʔu (3umyun‎‎, 3umyānun)أَعْمى، عَمْياءُ (عُمْيٌ‎‎، عُمْيانٌ)
to seeraʔā [1d1(b)]رَأى
to seešāhada [3s]شاهَدَ
I can’t see the clock from here.lā ʔastaʈī3u ruʔyata -ssā3ati min hunā.لا أَسْتَطيعُ رُؤْيَةَ السّاعَةِ مِنْ هُنا.
eyesight, visionnaʐarunنَظَرٌ
eyesight, visionbaʂarunبَصَرٌ
I have perfect eyesight.naʐarī mumtāzun.نَظَري مُمْتازٌ.
to wear glassesirtadā naʐʐārātinاِرْتَدى نَظّاراتٍ
I think you need glasses.ʔa3taqidu ʔannaka bi-ɧājatin ʔilā naʐʐārātin.أَعْتَقِدُ أَنَّكَ بِحاجَةٍ إِلى نَظّاراتٍ.
to crybakā [1d2]بَكى
a teardam3atun (dumū3un)دَمْعَةٌ (دُموعٌ)
Why are your eyes red? Have you been crying?li-māđā 3aynāka ɧamrāwatāni? hal kunta tabkī?لِماذا عَيْناكَ حَمْراوَتانِ؟ هَلْ كُنْتَ تَبْكي؟
noseʔanfun (ʔunūfun)أَنْفٌ (أُنوفٌ)
nostrilfatɧatu -lʔanfiفَتْحَةُ الأَنْفِ
big/pronounced noseʔanfun kabīrunأَنْفٌ كَبيرٌ
petite noseʔanfun ʂaɣīrunأَنْفٌ صَغيرٌ
straight/sharp/pointy noseʔanfun mustaqīmunأَنْفٌ مُسْتَقيمٌ
hook/crooked noseʔanfun multawīأَنْفٌ مُلْتَوي
to sneeze3aʈasa [1s3]عَطَسَ
snotmuxāʈunمُخاطٌ
to have a runny noseladayhi sayalānun bi-lʔanfiلَدَيْهِ سَيَلانٌ بِالأَنْفِ
to have a runny nosemazkūmunمَزْكومٌ
to have a runny nosemuʂābun bi-zzukāmiمُصابٌ بِالزُّكامِ
to blow one’s nosenaʐʐafa [2s] ʔanfahuنَظَّفَ أَنْفَهُ
to pick one’s nose3abiŧa [1s4] bi-ʔanfihiعَبِثَ بِأَنْفِهِ
to smellšamma [1g3]شَمَّ
sense of smellɧāssatu šamminحاسَّةُ شَمٍّ
I don’t have a very good sense of smell.laysa ladayya ɧāssatu šammin jayyidatin jiddan.لَيْسَ لَدَيَّ حاسَّةُ شَمٍّ جَيِّدَةٍ جِدًّا.
I think I smell smoke.ʔa3taqidu ʔannanī ʔašummu rāʔiɧata duxānin.أَعْتَقِدُ أَنَّني أَشُمُّ رائِحَةَ دُخانٍ.
earʔuđunun [f.] (ʔāđānun)أُذُنٌ (آذانٌ)
earlobešaɧmatu -lʔuđuniشَحْمَةُ الأُذُنِ
to cup one’s ear (put one’s hand up to one’s ear to hear better)waɖa3a [1a1] yadahu warāʔa ʔuđunihiوَضَعَ يَدَهُ وَراءَ أُذُنِهِ
to hearsami3a [1s4]سَمِعَ
Do you hear that noise?hal tasma3u hađā -ɖɖajīji?هَلْ تَسْمَعُ هَذا الضَّجيجِ؟
to have ringing in one’s earsami3a [1s4] ʈanīnan fī ʔuđunihiسَمِعَ طَنينًا في أُذُنِهِ
to be hard of hearingsama3uhu ɖa3īfunسَمَعُهُ ضَعيفٌ
deafʔaʂammu, ʂammāʔu (ʂummun)أَصَمُّ، صَمّاءُ (صُمٌّ)
deafʔaʈrašu, ʈaršāʔu (ʈuršun)أَطْرَشُ، طَرْشاءُ (طُرْشٌ)
to wear a hearing aidirtadā sammā3ātinاِرْتَدى سَمّاعاتٍ
to wear a hearing aidirtadā musā3adāti -ssam3iاِرْتَدى مُساعَداتِ السَّمْعِ
to have pierced earsʔuđunāhu maŧqūbatāniأُذُناهُ مَثْقوبَتانِ
ear waxšam3u -lʔuđuniشَمْعُ الأُذُنِ
mouthfamun (ʔafwāhun)فَمٌ (أَفْواهٌ)
to smileibtasama [8s]اِبْتَسَمَ
to open one’s mouthfataɧa [1s1] famahuفَتَحَ فَمَهُ
to close one’s mouthʔaɣlaqa [4s] famahuأَغْلَقَ فَمَهُ
tonguelisānun (ʔalsinatun)لِسانٌ (أَلْسِنَةٌ)
to tastetađawwaqa [5s]تَذَوَّقَ
Can you taste the mint in this dessert?hal yumkinuka tađawwuqu -nna3nā3i fī hađihi -lɧalwā?هَلْ يُمْكِنُكَ تَذَوُّقُ النَّعْناعِ في هَذِهِ الحَلْوى؟
lipšafatun (šifāhun)شَفَةٌ (شِفاهٌ)
upper lipšafatun 3ulyāشَفَةٌ عُلْيا
lower lipšafatun suflāشَفَةٌ سُفْلى
to have thin lipsšafatāhu raqīqatāniشَفَتاهُ رَقيقَتانِ
full lipsšafatāhu mumtaliʔatāniشَفَتاهُ مُمْتَلِئَتانِ
chapped (dry) lipsšifāhun mašqūqatunشِفاهٌ مَشْقوقَةٌ
chapped (dry) lipsšifāhun jāffatunشِفاهٌ جافَّةٌ
toothsinnu [f.] (ʔasnānun)سِنُّ (أَسْنانٌ)
gumsliŧŧatunلِثَّةٌ
to brush one’s teethnaʐʐafa [2s] ʔasnānahuنَظَّفَ أَسْنانَهُ
to floss one’s teethnaʐʐafa [2s] ʔasnānahu bi-lxayʈiنَظَّفَ أَسْنانَهُ بِالخَيْطِ
front teethʔasnānun ʔamāmiyyatunأَسْنانٌ أَمامِيَّةٌ
to bite3aɖɖa [1g1]عَضَّ
molarɖirsun (ɖurūsun)ضِرْسٌ (ضُروسٌ)
to chewmaɖaɣa [1s1]مَضَغَ
to spitbaʂaqa [1s3]بَصَقَ
spit, spittlebuʂāqunبُصاقٌ
salivalu3ābunلُعابٌ
salivarīqunريقٌ
to yawntaŧāʔaba [6s(b)]تَثاءَبَ
to coughsa3ala [1s3]سَعَلَ
to burp, belchtajaššaʔa [5s(c)]تَجَشَّأَ
to have bad breathrāʔiɧatu famihi karīhatunرائِحَةُ فَمِهِ كَريهَةٌ
tonsilslawzatāniلَوْزَتانِ
neck3unuqun (ʔa3nāqun)عُنُقٌ (أَعْناقٌ)
neckraqabatun (riqābun)رَقَبَةٌ (رِقابٌ)
nape of the neckmuʔaxxiratu -l3unuqiمُؤَخِّرَةُ العُنُقِ
nape of the neckmuʔaxxiratu -rraqabatiمُؤَخِّرَةُ الرَّقَبَةِ
throatɧalqun (ɧulūqun)حَلْقٌ (حُلوقٌ)
larynxɧanjaratun (ɧanājiru)حَنْجَرَةٌ (حَناجِرُ)
to breathetanaffasa [5s]تَنَفَّسَ
to take a deep breathʔaxađa [1s3a] nafasan 3amīqanأَخَذَ نَفَسًا عَميقًا
breathnafasun (ʔanfāsun)نَفَسٌ (أَنْفاسٌ)
to swallowibtala3a [8s]اِبْتَلَعَ
to choke onixtanaqa bi-اِخْتَنَقَ بِـ
He started choking on a piece of food.ixtanaqa bi-qiʈ3ati ʈa3āmin.اِخْتَنَقَ بِقِطْعَةِ طَعامٍ.
hairša3runشَعْرٌ
dark brown hairša3run bunniyyun dākinunشَعْرٌ بُنِّيٌّ داكِنٌ
light brown hairša3run bunniyyun fātiɧunشَعْرٌ بُنِّيٌّ فاتِحٌ
blond hairša3run ʔašqaruشَعْرٌ أَشْقَرُ
She’s blond.hiya šaqrāʔu.هِيَ شَقْراءُ.
black hairša3run ʔaswaduشَعْرٌ أَسْوَدُ
red hairša3run ʔaɧmaruشَعْرٌ أَحْمَرُ
gray hairša3run ramādiyyunشَعْرٌ رَمادِيٌّ
gray hairša3run ʔašyabuشَعْرٌ أَشْيَبُ
white hairša3run ʔabyaɖuشَعْرٌ أَبْيَضُ
to dye one’s hairʂabaɣa [1s3] ša3rahuصَبَغَ شَعْرَهُ
She dyes her hair blond.hiya taʂbuɣu ša3rahā bi-llawni -lʔašqari.هِيَ تَصْبُغُ شَعْرَها بِاللَّوْنِ الأَشْقَرِ.
She’s a natural blond.ʔinnahā šaqrāʔu bi-lfiʈrati.إِنَّها شَقْراءُ بِالفِطْرَةِ.
long hairša3run ʈawīlunشَعْرٌ طَويلٌ
short hairša3run qaʂīrunشَعْرٌ قَصيرٌ
shoulder-length hairša3run bi-ʈūli -lkatifiشَعْرٌ بِطولِ الكَتِفِ
straight hairša3run mustaqīmunشَعْرٌ مُسْتَقيمٌ
straight hairša3run 3ādiyyunشَعْرٌ عادِيٌّ
curly hairša3run muja33adunشَعْرٌ مُجَعَّدٌ
wavy hairša3run mumawwajunشَعْرٌ مُمَوَّجٌ
She has long, beautiful straight brown hair.ša3ruhā bunniyyun ʈawīlun wa-mustaqīmun wa-jamīlun.شَعْرُها بُنِّيٌّ طَويلٌ وَمُسْتَقيمٌ وَجَميلٌ.
to comb/brush one’s hairmašaʈa [1s3] ša3rahuمَشَطَ شَعْرَهُ
to get a haircutqaʂʂa [1g3] ša3rahuقَصَّ شَعْرَهُ
to get a haircutɧalaqa [1s2] ša3rahuحَلَقَ شَعْرَهُ
baldʔaʂla3u, ʂal3āʔu (ʂul3un‎‎)أَصْلَعُ، صَلْعاءُ (صُلْعٌ‎‎)
to go baldʔaʂbaɧa [4s] ʔaʂla3anأَصْبَحَ أَصْلَعًا
sideburnssawālifuسَوالِفُ
pony-tailđaylu ɧiʂāninذَيْلُ حِصانٍ
braidsɖafāʔiruضَفائِرُ
She wears her hair in braids.hiya tuʂaffifu ša3rahā 3alā šakli ɖafāʔira.هِيَ تُصَفِّفُ شَعْرَها عَلى شَكْلِ ضَفائِرَ.
bunka3katunكَعْكَةٌ
She usually wears her hair in a bun.3ādatan mā tuʂaffifu ša3rahā 3alā šakli ka3katin.عادَةً ما تُصَفِّفُ شَعْرَها عَلى شَكْلِ كَعْكَةٍ.
bangsɣurratunغُرَّةٌ
You look good with bangs.tabdīna jamīlatan bi-lɣurrati.تَبْدينَ جَميلَةً بِالغُرَّةِ.
wig, toupeeša3run musta3ārunشَعْرٌ مُسْتَعارٌ
wig, toupeebārūkatun (bawārīku)باروكَةٌ (بَواريكُ)
You can tell he wears a toupee.yumkinuka -lqawlu bi-ʔannahu yartadī ša3ran musta3āran.يُمْكِنُكَ القَوْلُ بِأَنَّهُ يَرْتَدي شَعْرًا مُسْتَعارًا.
beardliɧyatun (liɧan)لِحْيَةٌ (لِحًى)
mustachešāribun (šawāribu)شارِبٌ (شَوارِبُ)
He has a beard and mustache.ladayhi liɧyatun wa-šāribu.لَدَيْهِ لِحْيَةٌ وَشارِبُ.
goatee3uŧnūnunعُثْنونٌ
goateeliɧyatun ʂaɣīratunلِحْيَةٌ صَغيرَةٌ
to trim one’s beardqaʂʂa [1g3] liɧyatahuقَصَّ لِحْيَتَهُ
to shaveɧalaqa [1s2]حَلَقَ
I shave every morning.ʔana ʔaɧliqu kulla ʂabāɧin.أَنا أَحْلِقُ كُلَّ صَباحٍ.
clean-shavenɧalīqu -lđaqniحَليقُ الذَقْنِ
stubbleliɧyatun xafīfatunلِحْيَةٌ خَفيفَةٌ
skinjildunجِلْدٌ
skinbašratunبَشْرَةٌ
pimple, blemishbaŧrata (buŧūrun)بَثْرَةَ (بُثورٌ)
pimple, blemishɧabbatun (ɧubūbun)حَبَّةٌ (حُبوبٌ)
I have a huge pimple on my chin!ladayya baŧratun kabīratun 3alā đaqanī!لَدَيَّ بَثْرَةٌ كَبيرَةٌ عَلى ذَقَني!
acneɧabbu -ššabābiحَبُّ الشَّبابِ
As a teenager, he had a lot of acne.kāna ladayhi -lkaŧīru min ɧabbi -ššabābi fī fatrati murāhaqatihi.كانَ لَدَيْهِ الكَثيرُ مِنْ حَبِّ الشَّبابِ في فَتْرَةِ مُراهَقَتِهِ.
to have bad skinbašratuhu sayyiʔatunبَشْرَتُهُ سَيِّئَةٌ
to have a good complexionbašratuhu ʂāfiyatunبَشْرَتُهُ صافِيَةٌ
fair-skinnedbašratuhu fātiɧatunبَشْرَتُهُ فاتِحَةٌ
fair-skinnedbašratuhu šāɧibatunبَشْرَتُهُ شاحِبَةٌ
dark-skinnedbašratuhu dākinatunبَشْرَتُهُ داكِنَةٌ
to have an olive complexionbašratuhu zaytūniyyatunبَشْرَتُهُ زَيْتونِيَّةٌ
to have dry skinbašratuhu jāffatunبَشْرَتُهُ جافَّةٌ
to put on lotionwaɖa3a [1a1] ɣasūlanوَضَعَ غَسولًا
to put on sunscreenwaɖa3a [1a1] wāqī šamsinوَضَعَ واقي شَمْسٍ
frecklesnamašunنَمَشٌ
She has a lot of freckles.ladayhā -lkaŧīru mina -nnamaši.لَدَيْها الكَثيرُ مِنَ النَّمَشِ.
mole, birthmarkwaɧmatunوَحْمَةٌ
mole, birthmarkšāmatunشامَةٌ
wrinklestajā3īduتَجاعيدُ
You get wrinkles as you get older.tataja33adu bašratuka kullamā kaburta fī -ssinni.تَتَجَعَّدُ بَشْرَتُكَ كُلَّما كَبُرْتَ في السِّنِّ.
scarnadbatunنَدْبَةٌ
tattoowašmun (wušūmun)وَشْمٌ (وُشومٌ)
He has a tattoo on his left arm.ladayhi wašmun 3alā đirā3ihi -lyusrā.لَدَيْهِ وَشْمٌ عَلى ذِراعِهِ اليُسْرى.
Do you have any tattoos?hal ladayka ʔayyu wušūmin?هَلْ لَدَيْكَ أَيُّ وُشومٍ؟
armđirā3un [f.] (ʔađru3un)ذِراعٌ (أَذْرُعٌ)
elbowkū3un (ʔakwā3un)كوعٌ (أَكواعٌ)
armpitʔibʈun (ʔābāʈun)إِبْطٌ (آباطٌ)
sweat3araqunعَرَقٌ
to sweat3ariqa [1s4]عَرِقَ
sweatymuta3arriqunمُتَعَرِّقٌ
He was very sweaty after playing soccer.kāna muta3arriqan jiddan ba3da la3ibi kurati -lqadami.كانَ مُتَعَرِّقًا جِدًّا بَعْدَ لَعِبِ كُرَةِ القَدَمِ.
hand, wristyadun [f.] (ʔayādin)يَدٌ (أَيادٍ)
What’s in your hand?māđā fī yadika?ماذا في يَدِكَ؟
They’re all wearing watches on their wrists.jamī3uhum yartadūna sā3ātin fī ʔaydīhimi.جَميعُهُمْ يَرْتَدونَ ساعاتٍ في أَيْديهِمِ.
fingerʔiʂba3un (ʔaʂābi3u)إِصْبَعٌ (أَصابِعُ)
fingerprintbaʂmatu ʔiʂba3inبَصْمَةُ إِصْبَعٍ
thumbʔibhāmun (ʔabāhīmu)إِبْهامٌ (أَباهيمُ)
index fingerssabbābatunسَّبّابَةٌ
middle fingerwusʈāوُسْطى
ring fingerbinʂirun (banāʂiru)بِنْصِرٌ (بَناصِرُ)
little finger, pinkyxinʂarun (xanāʂiru)خِنْصَرٌ (خَناصِرُ)
fingertipʈarfu ʔiʂba3in (ʔaʈrāfu ʔaʂābi3a)طَرْفُ إِصْبَعٍ (أَطْرافُ أَصابِعَ)
fingernailʐifrun (ʔaʐāfiru)ظِفْرٌ (أَظافِرُ)
palmkaffun (kufūfun)كَفٌّ (كُفوفٌ)
back of the handʐahru yadinظَهْرُ يَدٍ
ball of the handbāʈinu yadinباطِنُ يَدٍ
knucklesmafāʂiluمَفاصِلُ
wristrusɣun (ʔarsuɣun)رُسْغٌ (أَرْسُغٌ)
to make a fistqabaɖa [1s2] yadahuقَبَضَ يَدَهُ
to extend one’s fingersmadda [1g3] ʔaʂābi3ahuمَدَّ أَصابِعَهُ
to hold, gripʔamsaka [4s]أَمْسَكَ
to hold, gripmasaka [1s2]مَسَكَ
to point toʔašāra [4hأَشارَ إِلى
He pointed at the clock.ʔašāra ʔilā -ssā3ati.أَشارَ إِلى السّاعَةِ.
leg, footrijlun (ʔarjulun)رِجْلٌ (أَرْجُلٌ)
thighfaxđun (ʔafxāđun)فَخْذٌ (أَفْخاذٌ)
shinqaʂabatunقَصَبَةٌ
calf3aɖalatu -ssāqiعَضَلَةُ السّاقِ
kneerukbatun (rukabun)رُكْبَةٌ (رُكَبٌ)
anklekāɧilun (kwāɧilu)كاحِلٌ (كواحِلُ)
solebāʈinu qadaminباطِنُ قَدَمٍ
heelka3bun (ku3ūbun)كَعْبٌ (كُعوبٌ)
toeʔiʂba3u qadamin (ʔaʂābi3u qadamin)إِصْبَعُ قَدَمٍ (أَصابِعُ قَدَمٍ)
shoulderkatifun (ʔaktāfun)كَتِفٌ (أَكْتافٌ)
to have broad shouldersladayhi ʔaktāfun 3arīɖatunلَدَيْهِ أَكْتافٌ عَريضَةٌ
chest, bosomʂadrun (ʂudūru)صَدْرٌ (صُدورُ)
to be flat chestedʂadruhu musaʈʈaɧunصَدْرُهُ مُسَطَّحٌ
breast, boobŧadyun (ʔaŧdāʔun)ثَدْيٌ (أَثْداءٌ)
nippleɧalamatunحَلَمَةٌ
abdomen, belly, stomachbaʈnun (buʈūnun)بَطْنٌ (بُطونٌ)
backʐahrun (ʐuhūrun)ظَهْرٌ (ظُهورٌ)
waist, hipsxaʂrun (xuʂūrun)خَصْرٌ (خُصورٌ)
navel, belly buttonsurratunسُرَّةٌ
internal organsʔa3ɖāʔun dāxiliyyatunأَعْضاءٌ داخِلِيَّةٌ
stomachma3idatunمَعِدَةٌ
intestines, bowelsʔam3āʔunأَمْعاءٌ
lungriʔatunرِئَةٌ
heartqalbun (qulūbun)قَلْبٌ (قُلوبٌ)
to beat, palpitatenabaɖa [1s2]نَبَضَ
heartbeat, pulsenabɖunنَبْضٌ
liverkabidun [m. or f.] (ʔakbādun)كَبِدٌ (أَكْبادٌ)
kidneykulyatun (kulan)كُلْيَةٌ (كُلًى)
bladdermaŧānatunمَثانَةٌ
gall-bladdermarāratunمَرارَةٌ
glandɣuddatun (ɣudadun)غُدَّةٌ (غُدَدٌ)
thyroid glandɣuddatun darqiyyatunغُدَّةٌ دَرْقِيَّةٌ
bone3aʐmun (3iʐāmun)عَظْمٌ (عِظامٌ)
skeletonhaykalun 3aʐmiyyun (hayākilu 3aʐmiyyatun)هَيْكَلٌ عَظْمِيٌّ (هَياكِلُ عَظْمِيَّةٌ)
spine3amūdun faqariyyun (ʔa3midatun faqariyatun)عَمودٌ فَقَرِيٌّ (أَعْمِدَةٌ فَقَرِيَةٌ)
ribɖil3un (ɖulū3un)ضِلْعٌ (ضُلوعٌ)
muscle3aɖalatunعَضَلَةٌ
veinwarīdun (ʔawridatun)وَريدٌ (أَوْرِدَةٌ)
arteryširyānun (šarāyīnu)شِرْيانٌ (شَرايينُ)
blooddamun (dimāʔun)دَمٌ (دِماءٌ)
nerve3aʂabun (ʔa3ʂābu)عَصَبٌ (أَعْصابُ)
sexual organs, private partsʔa3ɖāʔun tanāsuliyyatunأَعْضاءٌ تَناسُلِيَّةٌ
penisqaɖībun (quɖbānun)قَضيبٌ (قُضْبانٌ)
to get an erectionintaʂaba [8s]اِنْتَصَبَ
erectionintiʂābunاِنْتِصابٌ
testiclexiʂyatun (xiʂan)خِصْيَةٌ (خِصًى)
scrotum, testicleskīsu ʂafanin (ʔakyāsu ʂafanin)كيسُ صَفَنٍ (أَكْياسُ صَفَنٍ)
vaginamahbalun (mahābilu)مَهْبَلٌ (مَهابِلُ)
naked, bare3ārin (3urātun)عارٍ (عُراةٌ)
buttocks, bottom, posteriormuʔaxxiratunمُؤَخِّرَةٌ
anusfatɧatu šarjinفَتْحَةُ شَرْجٍ
to urinate, peetabawwala [5s]تَبَوَّلَ
urinebawlunبَوْلٌ
to defecate, poo, pooptaɣawwaʈa [5s]تَغَوَّطَ
to defecate, poo, pooptabarraza [5s]تَبَرَّزَ
excrement, feces, poopfaɖalātunفَضَلاتٌ
excrement, feces, poopburāzunبُرازٌ
to fartɖaraʈa [1s2]ضَرَطَ
fartɖarʈatunضَرْطَةٌ
to pass gas, break windʔaʈlaqa [4s] rīɧanأَطْلَقَ ريحًا
to go to the bathroomđahaba [1s1] li-lmirɧāɖiذَهَبَ لِلْمِرْحاضِ
I need to go to the bathroom.yajibu ʔan ʔađhaba ʔilā -lmirɧāɖi.يَجِبُ أَنْ أَذْهَبَ إِلى المِرْحاضِ.
heightʈūlun (ʔaʈwālun)طولٌ (أَطْوالٌ)
tallʈawīlun (ʈiwālun)طَويلٌ (طِوالٌ)
average heightmutawassiʈu ʈūlinمُتَوَسِّطُ طولٍ
shortqaʂīrun (qiʂārun)قَصيرٌ (قِصارٌ)
How tall are you?kam ʈūluka?كَمْ طولُكَ؟
I’m 1.75 meters tall.ʈūlī mitrun wa-xamsun wa-sab3ūna santīmitran.طولي مِتْرٌ وَخَمْسٌ وَسَبْعونَ سَنْتيمِتْرًا.
weightwaznun (ʔawzānun)وَزْنٌ (أَوْزانٌ)
How much do you weigh?kam waznuka?كَمْ وَزْنُكَ؟
I weigh 70 kg.waznī sab3ūna kīlū ɣrāman.وَزْني سَبْعونَ كيلو غْرامًا.
one’s build, body shapešaklu -ljismiشَكْلُ الجِسْمِ
fatsamīnun (simānun)سَمينٌ (سِمانٌ)
fatbadīnun (budunun)بَدينٌ (بُدُنٌ)
to get fatsamina [1s4]سَمِنَ
Don’t overeat, so you don’t get fat.lā taʔkul kaŧīran ɧattā lā tasman.لا تَأْكُلْ كَثيرًا حَتّى لا تَسْمَنْ.
overweightzāʔidu -lwazniزائِدُ الوَزْنِ
chubby, plump, stoutmumtaliʔunمُمْتَلِئٌ
average weightwaznuhu mutawassiʈunوَزْنُهُ مُتَوَسِّطٌ
thin, slendernaɧīfun (niɧāfu)نَحيفٌ (نِحافُ)
thin, slendernaɧīlunنَحيلٌ
skinnyhazīlu -ljismiهَزيلُ الجِسْمِ
one’s looksšakluhuشَكْلُهُ
handsome, good-lookingwasīmun (wusamāʔu)وَسيمٌ (وُسَماءُ)
beautiful, prettyjamīlun (jumalāʔu)جَميلٌ (جُمَلاءُ)
cutelaʈīfun (luʈafāʔu)لَطيفٌ (لُطَفاءُ)
cuteʐarīfun (ʐurafāʔu)ظَريفٌ (ظُرَفاءُ)
My God, those girls are so cute!yā ʔilāhī, haʔulāʔi -lfatayātu laʈīfātun li-lɣāyati!يا إِلهي، هَؤُلاءِ الفَتَياتُ لَطيفاتٌ لِلْغايَةِ!
uglybaši3unبَشِعٌ
uglyqabīɧun (qibāɧun)قَبيحٌ (قِباحٌ)
average-looking3ādiyyu -lmaʐhariعادِيُّ المَظْهَرِ

The Human Body and Describing People in Modern Standard Arabic

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The Human Body and Describing People in Modern Standard Arabic

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